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PAWEES 2014

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33658371


標題左邊圖檔 History of Irrigation in Taiwan 標題右邊圖檔 PDF download (all chapters:273KB)

 

Part V: Prospects

With the ROC's entry to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in January 2002, both the quality and added value of domestic agricultural products and the flexibility in production will have to be enhanced in order to boost their marketing competitiveness and to reduce the impact of an open market and lowered tariff to imported agricultural products. Therefore, being the foundation for agricultural development, the irrigation undertakings in Taiwan also require to be further improved on their effectiveness and efficiencies to better support the goals set by the agricultural policies. Accordingly, the key areas of focus for irrigation development in Taiwan are summarized as follows:

  1. In response to WTO entry, irrigation management should be directed to the adjustment of rice crop production and marketing systems, and the establishment of a compensation mechanism for transferring of the agricultural water for other purposes in order to support other water demands and ensure reasonable uses of water and soil resources.
  2. In response to the development of modern agriculture, efforts should be made for improving irrigation and drainage facilities, establishing a modern operation and management system, promoting pipeline irrigation for upland crops, and providing guidance for the irrigation associations in respect of diversification of their scope of undertakings or business, so as to enhance water use efficiencies and benefits.
  3. In general, monitoring and inspection of irrigation water quality should be strengthened, water quality should be improved, and farmlands should be protected from pollution, in order to ensure the optimal quality of agricultural products.
  4. The multiple functions of paddy fields, such as production, ecology, and livelihood should all be emphasized. Ecological engineering methods including greening and beautification of irrigation canals should be promoted. Also, the creation of water-friendly ambience is essential in order to promote integrated water and soil uses and maintain a harmonious ecosystem for sustainable agricultural development.

 

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